Analyzers

Acoustic spectrometry

Characterization of the particle size distribution in concentrated suspensions or emulsions commonly found in ceramics and construction industry as well as food and cosmetic applications, requires a method to analyze samples in their original concentrations and on a macroscopic scale. This can be achieved by employing acoustic spectrometry, which determines particle sizes in proportion to their respective masses by measuring the damping of ultrasonic waves in concentrated dispersion with particle sizes on the nanometer to micrometer scale.

DT-110 DT-1202

DT-100/DT-110:
Particle size 5 nm – 1000 µm;
measuring in original concentration up to 50 Vol.-%

DT-1202:
Particle size 5 nm – 1000 µm;
measuring in original concentration up to 50 Vol.-%;
measuring zeta potential

BET Surface Area

The specific surface area according to the BET-Theory is a common parameter for the characterization of powders. We offer a variety of instruments tailored towards the respective fields of applications such as research and development, quality insurance as well as bulk import and export control.

 

3P meso 112 & 222:

1 – 2 analysis stations; in-situ or external sample preparation


 

3P meso 400:

4 fully independent analysis stations; in-situ or external sample preparation


 

3P surface DX:

4 fully independent analysis stations; setup is configured for flow method (fast BET measurements)


 

3P micro-series:

1 – 3 analysis stations; options for micropore and Krypton analysis; in-situ or external sample preparation

Adsorption of gas mixtures and gas/vapor systems – Breakthrough Curves

The characterization of technical adsorbents in the form of powders or porous materials such as activated carbons or zeolites requires experimental conditions reflecting on the technical processes with regards to pressure, temperature, volumetric flow. In addition to our analytical instruments we also offer a simulation software which enables the construction of mathematical models derived from experimental data.

 

mixSorb S:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts


 

mixSorb L:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; safe and easy-to-use bench-top instrument


 

mixSorb SHP:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts and high system pressures (up to 68 bar)

Bulk Solids Characterization

The macroscopic, physical properties of a powder pile are the basic characteristics of powder materials. Knowledge of these properties is therefore a crucial factor in powder production, processing and packaging, as well as in the transport, storage and application of these materials.

Alongside the large number of measuring instruments for characterizing the microscopic properties of powders such as particle size, particle shape or BET surface area, which can only be used to estimate the macroscopic, physical properties of powders, we offer the PowderPro A1 system for fully automatic and precise measurement.

 

 

PowderPro A1:

fully automatic analysis of macroscopic, physical properties of a powder


The norm-compliant determination of the bulk density as well as the flowability and pourability of powders is carried out with the instruments of the BeDensi series.

 

 

BeDensi B1:

Bulk density meter for non-metallic powders, using natural deposition method


 

BeDensi B1-S:

Scott capacity meter for norm-compliant determination of the bulk density of metal powders


 

 

HFlow-1:

Hall-flow meter for the norm-compliant determination of the flowability of metal powders


 

 

BeDensi T series:

BeDensi T series for tapped density of powdered, granular of flakey material

Chemisorption TPD/TPR/TPO/TPX

Characterization of catalysts with regards towards activity, active sites and temperature dependent desorption, reduction, oxidation and reactive behavior is carried out by means of chemisorption.

Instruments

AMI-300

dynamic chemisorption analyzer

µBenchCAT

dynamic chemisorption reactor

BenchCAT

dynamic chemisorption reactor

Closed cell content of foams

The evaluation of the closed cell or open cell content of foams is based on the volume determination by means of gas pycnometry

 

3P densi 100:

1 analysis station; fully automated; sample cells ranging from 1 – 100 cm³

True Density / Bulk Density / Tapping Volumetry

True Density

True density or skeletal density of a powder is mainly obtained by means of gas pycnometry.

 

3P densi 100:

1 analysis station; fully automated; sample cells ranging from 1 – 100 cm³

 


Closed cell content of foams

The evaluation of the closed cell or open cell content of foams is based on the volume determination by means of gas pycnometry

 

3P densi 100:

1 analysis station; fully automated; sample cells ranging from 1 – 100 cm³

 


Tap density

 

BeDensi T series:

BeDensi T series for tapped density of powdered, granular of flakey material

Diffusing Wave Spectroscopy – Drying behaviour

Diffusion wave spectroscopy (DWS) allows observing microstructural changes of thinly applied dispersions, such as glues or paint. Drying mechanisms and characteristical drying times on different substrates and carrier materials can be determined.

Instrument series RHEOLASER COATING

Dynamic Ligh Scattering

Dynamic light scattering (DLS) is applied in measuring particle sizes on a nano- and submicrometer scale.

Nanoptic 90:

Particle size 1 – 9500 nm

Dynamic Viscosity

Viscosity is the essential parameter when characterizing a flowing liquid. The Fluidicam RHEO measures flow curves of products with a broad variety of viscosities (liquids, gels, half-solid emulsions, etc.) with regards to temperature and shear rate.

 

 

Instrument series FLUIDICAM RHEO

Electrical Conductivity

The electric conductivity of a liquid remains an important parameter for the determination of ionic composition and purity in oils and other unpolar solvents. In dispersions, this parameter is an indicator for colloidal properties of particles dispersed within a given media. We are offering probes for both aqueous as well as organic based media with very low conductivity.


DT-700

Electroacoustic – Zeta potential

The zeta potential is an indicator for the stability of a dispersion and the mobility of its particles in external fields. A characteristic value is the isoelectrical point (IEP, zeto potential = 0 mV), at which the particles agglomerate and the system precipitates. With electroacoustics we offer a method, by which these parameters can be determined in original concentration.

 

Instrument series DT-300 / DT-310

Gas Adsorption

Gas adsorption analysis is not only used for the determination of BET-surface area but for the analysis of pore size distribution and total pore volume determination as well. We offer a variety of instruments tailored towards fields of application, such as research and development, quality insurance as well as bulk import and export control.

 

3P meso 112 & 222:

1 – 2 analysis stations; in-situ or external sample preparation


 

3P meso 400:

4 fully independent analysis stations; in-situ or external sample preparation


 

3P surface DX

4 fully independent analysis stations; setup is configured for flow method (fast BET measurements)


 

3P micro-series:

1 – 3 analysis stations; options for micropore and Krypton analysis; in-situ or external sample preparation


CryoSync CryoSnyc

Allows coolant adjustment to within 82 and 120K for micropore analysis on different instruments of all manufacturers. Allows micropore analysis according to IUPAC recommendations with Argon isotherms at 87K.

 


Adsorption of gas mixtures and gas/vapor systems

For the characterization of powders with regards to technical processes, experimental data at technical conditions (such as pressure, temperature, flow volume, etc.) is important. In addition to our instruments we also offer a simulation software for generating mathematical models based on experimental data.

 

mixSorb S:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts


 

mixSorb L:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; safe and easy-to-use bench-top instrument


 

mixSorb SHP:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts and high system pressures (up to 68 bar)

High pressure adsorption

1. Static-volumetric (up to 200 bar)

The adsorption of pure gases at pressures up to 200 bar and a wide temperature range allows the investigation of sorption equilibria at conditions of technical relevance.

Contract Analysis for High pressure adsorption

 

A detailed description of the method can be found HERE.


2. Dynamic adsorption (flow method up to 68 bar)

For the characterization of powders with regards towards technical sorption processes, experimental data for conditions in technical processes (such as temperature, pressure, flow rates, flow volumes, etc.) is required. In addition to our analytical devices, we also supply simulation software for creating mathematical models based on analytical data.

 

mixSorb S:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts


 

mixSorb L:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; safe and easy-to-use bench-top instrument


 

mixSorb SHP:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts and high system pressures (up to 68 bar)

Imaging Analysis / Particle shape

In a number of applications it is not only required to determine particle size distributions for further processing of a powder or dispersion, but to analyze particle shape as well. Color, procession and dispersion characteristics as well as mechanic properties are influenced by particle shape significantly. Furthermore, anisotropic shapes such as rods may exhibit problems when using standard particle size analysis without imaging processes.

 

BeVision D1:

for particle size and shape determination 2 – 10000 µm


Bettersizer S3 Plus:

for particle size and shape determination 0.01 – 3500 µm

Laser Diffraction

A main parameter for the charaterization of droplets in emulsions or particles in suspensions is the particle size distribution. We offer a variety of different instruments and methods for tackling different challenges in applications, no matter if it is quality control or research and development.

Static and dynamic light scattering and laser diffraction

 

Bettersizer S3 Plus:
Particle size and particle shape 0.01 – 3500 µm

Bettersizer S3:
Particle size 0.01 – 3500 µm


 

Bettersizer 2600: Particle size 0.02 – 2600 µm


Imaging Analysis / Particle shape

In a number of applications it is not only required to determine particle size distributions for further processing of a powder, but to analyze particle shape as well. Color, procession and dispersion characteristics as well as mechanic properties are influenced by particle shape significantly. Furthermore, anisotropic shapes such as rods may exhibit problems when using standard particle size analysis without imaging processes.

 

BeVision D1:

Particle size and particle shape 2 – 10000 µm


Bettersizer S3 Plus:

Particle size and particle shape 0.01 – 3500 µm

Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry

Mercury porosimetry is another standard method for the determination of pore size distribution (ranging from pore diameter 3.6 nm up to 950 µm) and total pore volume analysis.

Contract Analysis for Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry

 

A detailed description of the mercury porosimetry method can be found HERE.

Adsorption of gas mixtures and gas/vapor systems – Breakthrough Curves

The characterization of technical adsorbents in the form of powders or porous materials such as activated carbons or zeolites requires experimental conditions reflecting on the technical processes with regards to pressure, temperature, volumetric flow. In addition to our analytical instruments we also offer a simulation software which enables the construction of mathematical models derived from experimental data.

 

mixSorb S:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts


 

mixSorb L:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; safe and easy-to-use bench-top instrument


 

mixSorb SHP:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts and high system pressures (up to 68 bar)

Permittivity

The relative permittivity (also known as dielectric constant) is an indicator for the ability of a material to permit electric fields through it and also attributes towards weakening of such fields, when passing through the material. It is also a measure for the ability of a liquid to dissolve ionic compounds. Furthermore, the dielectric constant is required for the determination of colloidal properties such as zeta potential. For measuring permittivities we recommend using the probe 871.


Permittivity-Sonde 871

Phase Transitions – Diffusing Wave Spectroscopy

A variety of microstructures can occur during the solidification of melts depending on the conditions during cooling. The optical and physical properties of materials can be influenced by the generation of these microstructures and may decrease the quality of the resulting product or deteriorate the material. Typical examples for such unwanted properties would be fat blooming in chocolate products or „sweating“ lipsticks. The application of Diffusing Wave Spectroscopy allows for the prediction and consequently the prevention of such effects.

 

 

Instrument series Rheolaser Crystal

Porometry – Characterization of through pore systems

Porometry allows the determination of pore size distributions as well as gas and liquid permeability and bubble points of through-pore systems such as filters, membranes and papers.

 

iPore Porometer series

capillary flow porometer series

 


 

 

Liquid-Liquid Porometer

Designed for pore structure characterization of very small pore sizes.

Rheology

The rheological properties of emulsions and suspensions are crucial for both manufacturing and processing them. Depending on the application, we offer different methods and instruments in order to address challenges as best as possible.


Instrument series RHEOLASER MASTER

Multi light scattering – stability

The stability of emulsions or suspensions with regards towards particle migration of agglomeration is a key paramter for storing or processing of such materials. For this we offer an application with multi light scattering (MLS), which can determine these characteristics in real-time and on the original system.

 

Instrument series TURBISCAN

 

TURBISCAN CLASSIC 2:

The classic instrument for characterization of global dispersion stability.



TURBISCAN AGS:

High throughput for 54 samples simultaneously



TURBISCAN LAB:

Quantification of stability with full temperature control.


 

TURBISCAN TOWER:

The new reference, a 6-Station instrument with active cooling.

Vapor Sorption / DVS

Characterization of powders by means of vapor sorption can verify sample behavior with regards to polar solvents on materials.

Contract Analysis for Vapor Sorption (DVS)

 

A detailed description of the method can be found HERE.


Adsorption of gas mixtures and gas/vapor systems

For the characterization of powders with regards towards technical sorption processes, experimental data for conditions in technical processes (such as temperature, pressure, flow rates, flow volumes, etc.) is required. In addition to our analytical devices, we also supply simulation software for creating mathematical models based on analytical data.

 

mixSorb S:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts


 

mixSorb L:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; safe and easy-to-use bench-top instrument


 

mixSorb SHP:

Measurement of breakthrough curves; vapor option; designed for very small sample amounts and high system pressures (up to 68 bar)

Contact

Contact

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Service hotline (Germany)
+49 8134 9324 0

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info@3P-instruments.com